Bodybuilding Literature Overview

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 Study  Subjects  Study Duration  Calories  Drugs  Dosage  Comments
 Hurley (1984)  8 bodybuilders 4 powerlifters    20% protein 30-35% carb 45-50% fat  6 types of AAS Testosterone. HCG  476 mg/wk (57 mg/wk to 1376 mg/wk)  
 Alen, et. al. (1985)  3 bodybuilders 1 powerlifter 1 wrestler  26 weeks  15400 kJ; protein intake at 2.3 g/kg  3 types of AAS Testosterone Preparation  .22 mg/kg/day to .37 mg/kg/day  Four subjects developed gynecomastia
 Hickson (1990)  1 male bodybuilder  26 days  1769 to 3285 kcal  6 types of AAS HCG, and diuretics    Precompetition Calcium & Zinc intake low
 Kleiner (1990)  19 men, 8 women: Jr USA BB Champions.  Questionnaires, interviews, diet records  2015 ±1060 kcal; 33.5% Protein (men)  Various AAS, diuretics, laxatives    Precompetition Calcium & Zinc intake low
 Kliener (1989)      5739 ±2500 kcal (2451 -19760 kcal)      
 Faber, Benade´, & van Eck (1986)      17,333 kilojoules (4127 kcal)      
 Bazzarre et. al. (1990)  19 male and 8 female; USA BB Champions    2015 ±1060 kcal; 34 ±12% Protein (men)      Precompetition Calcium & Zinc intake low
 Sandoval (1989)  5 male and 6 female bodybuilders    2347 ±220 kcalories; 34% Protein  Various AAS    Precompetion Calcium intake low


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