A Descriptive Study of Individuals Successful at Long-term Maintenance of Substantial Weight Loss

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  Women Men Total
Number sampled 629 155 784
Age (years) 44.35 ± 11.54 49.08 ± 11.93 45.29 ± 11.77
Weight change (kg) 28.66 ± 13.61 35.40 ± 20.67 30.00 ± 15.49
Maximum weight (kg) 94.64 ± 19.31 121.02 ± 30.09 99.85 ± 24.25
Current weight (kg) 65.97 ± 11.35 85.62 ± 15.07 69.85 ± 14.47
Weight loss duration (years) 5.50 ± 6.80 5.84 ± 6.92 5.57 ± 6.82
Maintenance Diet & Exercise
Calories / day 1296 ± 454 1725 ± 647 1381 ± 526
Fat (%) 24 ± 9 23 ± 8 24 ± 9
Protein (%) 19 ± 4 18 ± 4 19 ± 4
Carbohydrate (%) 55 ± 10 56 ± 10 56 ± 10
Eating frequency / day 4.95 ± 3.21 4.54 ± 1.57 4.87 ± 2.97
Restaurant meals / week 3.07 ± 2.70 3.73 ± 3.26 3.20 ± 2.83
Exercise & activity (Cal / week) 2669 ± 2543 3490 ± 3566 2827 ± 2792
Weight loss Dietary Strategies
Formal program 40.1 % 63.2 % 44.6 %
Self guided 59.9 % 36.8 % 55.4 %

n =

623 150 773
Restricted intake of certain type or classes of food 87.8 % 86.7 % 87.6 %
Ate all foods but limited quantity 47.2 % 32.0 % 44.2 %
Counted calories 44.8 % 39.3 % 43.7 %
Limited percentage of daily energy from fat 31.1 % 36.7 % 33.1 %
Counted fat grams 25.7 % 21.3 % 25.2 %
Followed exchange diet 25.2 % 11.3 % 22.5 %
Used liquid formula 19.1 % 26.0 % 20.4 %
Ate only 1 or 2 types of food 5.1 % 6.7 % 5.5 %

Klem, M.L., Wing, R.R., McGuire, M.T., Seagle, H.M., Hill, J, A descriptive study of individuals successful at long-term maintenance of substantial weight loss, Am J Clin Nutr. 66: 239-246, 1997.


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