Pyruvate data seem to be fairly clear in regards to its positive
effect on high performance athletes. Pyruvate seems to greatly
reduce fatigue associated with exercise, improve aerobic endurance
times, reduce body fat, and seems to increase muscle mass, power,
and strength when combined with creatine. It also appears that
creatine and pyruvate together work better than either one alone.
It is also quite apparent that pyruvate must be combined with
dihydroxyacetone (DHA) to be effective. However, this does not
appear to be a problem since most products on today's market
include DHA in their pyruvate supplement formula.
Dieting with a moderate decrease in caloric intake (10-15%) along
with supplementation of pyruvate is also recommended. Although
more studies need to be conducted to determine the exact dosage
amount to take, a good rule of thumb is 1 gram of pyruvate supplementation
per 10 pounds of body weight. However, consuming as much as 30
grams of pyruvate could possible lead to gastro-intestinal irritation
therefore dosage amounts should be monitored by the individual
consuming it. In any case, supplementing with pyruvate in moderate
amounts seems to be totally safe and effective. Therefore, toxicity
is not an issue. Pyruvate should generally be taken before meals
and exercise for best results.
According to consumerlabs.com and other valid sources, some of
the best pyruvate products include: BodyTech Pyruvate, Pinnacle
Pyruvate 1000, Epic Nutrition 5-Tetra, Genesis Nutrition Pyruvate
1000, and NOW Pyruvate.
40. Stone MH, Sanborn K, Smith LL, O'Bryant HS, Hoke T, Utter
AC, Johnson RL, Boros R, Hruby J, Pierce KC, Stone ME, Garner
B. Effects of in-season (5 weeks) creatine and pyruvate supplementation
on anaerobic performance and body composition in American football
players. Int J Sport Nutr. 1999 Jun; 9(2): 146-65.
41. Kalman MS, Douglas RD, Carlon M. Colker MD, Ilene Wilets
PHD, James B. Roufs MS, RD, and Jose Antonio PHD. The effects
of pyruvate supplementation on body composition in overweight
individuals. Applied Nutritional Investigations. 1999 May.
42. Kreider R, Koh P, Ferreira M, et al. Effects of pyruvate
supplementation during training on body composition & metabolic
responses to exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1998; 30: S62.
43. Stanko RT, Robertson RJ, Galbreath RW, et al. Enhanced
leg exercise endurance with a high-carbohydrate diet and dihyroxyacetone
and pyruvate. J Appl Phys 1990;69:1651-6.
44. Stanko RT, Robertson RJ, Spina RJ, et al. Enhancement
of arm exercise endurance capacity with dihydroxyacetone and
pyruvate. J Appl Phys 1990;68:119-24.
87. Kern, Mark. Pyruvic Acid. CRC Desk Reference of Sports
Nutrition, San Diego State University. 144-145. 2005.