Biomechanical vs Muscular Analyses
Deadlift page doesn't seem to list the same muscles worked
as the Barbell
Deadlift page. Is this an oversight? Has the specificity
of the muscles targeted section changed? Or am I missing something
about the difference between kettlebell workouts and workouts
with barbells? Same for the Kettlebell
Sumo Deadlift and Barbell
Also, this page (Kettlebell
Press) doesn't mention shoulder or triceps muscles. Is this
On ExRx.net, exercises that are generally associated with
functional style training (such as Kettlebell,
and other Miscellaneous
exercises) are analyzed by the force of joint articulation.
Listing every muscle responsible for many of these sort of exercises
would result in an exhaustively long list. Take the Kettlebell
Turkish Get-up, as an example. However, you have pointed
out, some kettlebell exercises share the same movement patterns
as exercises listed in the main Exercise
Generally speaking, the exercises listed in the main Exercise
Directory are more muscle group centric. If you are interested
in examining which muscle groups are involved in exercises not
listed in the main Exercise Directory, simply view the closest
exercise in the main Exercise Directory, as you have guessed.
For other movements with no equivalent movements listed in the
main Exercise Directory, simply click on the joint
articulations listed on the respective exercise page and
view the list of muscles responsible for each movement.
It may not be a perfect method, but I believe it works for
most people's analysis objectives. Those interested in muscular
aesthetics, bodybuilding, physical therapy, and possibly even
powerlifting, to some extent, tend to be more muscle group focused.
These are the sort of exercises you'll see in the main Exercise
Directory, generally speaking. Those using exercises geared toward
sports training or functional fitness tend to focus on movement
pattern, so you'll see them analyzed by joint articulations in
those particular directories. Obviously, there are a lot of crossover
and arguably some discrepancies. However, it should not take
that much effort to discern the specific muscle exercised by
either of the above mentioned methods.
Incidentally, the Kettlebell
Deadlift is more similar to the Trap
Bar Deadlift with the handles to the sides. However, this
minor subtlety distinguishing those movements from the Barbell
Deadlift does not affect the biomechanical or muscular analysis
listing. It only affects the degree of relative involvement from
one exercise to another.
To make things a bit easier, I'll include a link to comparable
exercises on the relevant kettlebell exercises. Thanks for your
Weight Training Exercise Utility Classification
Some exercises are categorized as "Basic or Auxiliary".
Does that mean some authorities consider it basic, and others
auxiliary, or you can make it either one (depending on the way
you do it)?
The latter. The classifications can be seen as a continuum.
An exercise utility is also dependent upon the inclusion of other
exercises. For example, an incline bench press is an auxiliary
exercise in the context of a full body routine, but a basic exercise
in a split program. A step up is an auxiliary exercise when included
with squats, but an auxiliary exercise if a leg extension is
performed instead. You will find the definitions
in the glossary eludes to relative characteristics.
What are Plyometrics?
Hello, I'm an Italian boy, and I don't know what plyometric
means, you have used this term to indicate the utility of an
exercise for the obliques, could you explain to me what it means?
A plyometric is an explosive movement performed after a quick
intense loading. As in the case of plyometric oblique movements,
this involves fast repetitive movements performed between rapid
stretches to each side. The rapid changes of inertia, or momentum
provides the loading for these types of oblique exercises. See
core under power exercises.
Significance of Functional Classifications
and Listed Order of Muscles
Thanks so much for an amazing resource! I am a 56-year
old student of exercise and workouts and I was hoping
I could ask two quick questions?
- Can you tell me the importance of the order muscles are
listed in under each exercise? For instance, Chin-up
has a list of synergists muscles a particular order. Are these
ordered according to workout load, or the chronological order
of when each muscle is engaged in this exercise?
- Does a Dynamic Stabilizer work as hard as a synergist,
or harder? I realize it may vary according to exercise and muscle,
but generally speaking. During chin-ups, for example again, does
the Brachialis as a synergist get hit harder than the Biceps
Brachii (dynamic stabilizer).
These answers will help me as I get more specific with
the exercises I use in my workouts.
For the most part, these assisting muscles are not listed
in any meaningful order, other than grouped by function or general
relationships. However, you may find remnants from the early
days when I initially attempted to group them by order of intensity.
That was soon abandoned since there are so many potentially ambiguous
Also the function or classification of how a muscle is used in
a given exercise is not indicative of its relative intensity
compared to how other muscles may be classified. You may find
certain cases where a particular functional classification may
seem to be more or less intense, but in fact will not hold true
in other cases, depending on various factors, including the general
movement, how the exercise is performed, individual biomechanical
variations, relative conditioning of various muscle groups, etc.
The workout templates
will provide a good starting point to allow you to select exercises
for a workout. Your basic compound
movements will form as the base of your training, whether
training for strength, increased muscle mass, or general health.
After several months, you may find particular movements or
muscle groups that respond more or less favorably to training.
Alterations to the program can be made to address areas of weakness
including choosing alternative exercises, adding supplemental
movements, arranging exercise
order, and/or selecting splits that allow for weaker muscles
to be exercised more intensely.