Joint Range of Motions

Neck | Shoulder | Elbow | Forearm | Wrist | Trunk | Hip | Knee | Ankle

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Neck / Cervical Spine

  • Flexion / Extension
    • Accumulative Average
      • Men: 129º-142º
      • Women: 142º-160º
    • Flexion
      • 45º-60º
    • Extension
      • 45º-75º
  • Lateral Flexion
    • Accumulative Average
      • Men: 90º-106º
      • Women: 100º-116º
    • Lateral Flexion
      • 45º
  • Rotation
    • Accumulative Average
      • Men: 161º-181º
      • Women: 178º-198º
    • Rotation
      • 60º-80º

Shoulder

Elbow

Forearm

  • Supination / Pronation

Wrist

Trunk / Thoracic - Lumar Spine

  • Flexion / Extension
    • Accumulative Average
      • Men: 63º-83º
      • Women: 48º-68º
    • Flexion
      • 60º-80º
      • 120-150 (ACSM)
    • Extension
      • 20º-30º
      • 20º-45º (ACSM)
  • Lateral Flexion
    • Accumulative Average
      • Men: 9º0-106º
      • Women: 120º-136º
    • Lateral Flexion
      • 25º-35º
      • 10º-35º (ACSM)
  • Rotation
    • Accumulative Average
      • Men: 127º-147º
      • Women: 153º-173º
    • Rotation
      • 30º-45º
      • 20-40 (ACSM)

Hip

Knee

Ankle / Subtalar


Non-cumulative movements are measured from anatomical position.

References

ACSM (2013). Health-Related Physical Fitness Testing and Interpretation, ACSM Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, 9th ed. Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins, 105. See in Store.

Hoffman J (2006). Norms for Fitness Performance, and Health, pg 98-99. See in Store.


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