For your average client, when and how do you incorporate steady state cardio?
In our sessions, I don't, really. Only in specific circumstances for example a morbidly obese women I've trained got some Steady State Cardio. So, if they're limited in some kind of way which means I need to be extra carefull with progressing them, then we'll do some. However I've hardly every used it and when I have, i've progressed people onto more interesting things.
I encourage my clients to do extra workouts that are pretty much SSC. Aerobic classes etc. Walk more. Stuff like that.
The second question is how do you cnvice the novice/average client that steady state cardio is not the best way to reach their goals (normally) and that HIIT is better?
I'm in a better position for this because, i'm a trainer and they have come to me because what they're doing is not working, or they're bored with it. They normally want something else anyway. I always ask them if they actually enjoy running/cycling or if they do it because they think it's an optimal way to get in shape. Most (but not all) don't enjoy doing it.
The time thing is a great selling tool. HIIT shouldn't last more than 15 or so minutes. SSC needs to last an eternity. Even if we assume they both got the same results, then SSC is a long way for a short cut. I go on about the metabolic response from doing high intensity training, too.
Really it depends on the person and what they say. I think by now I have an automatic response for everything. I've found that i can get away with being brutally honest if I say it with a smile on my face
Worth noting that most I see are either clients, who i've already "sold" my ways to, or "leads" who are getting 3 sessions as part of a new membership deal. So, they will get trained by me so they'll get a chance to try what I'm talking about. Most just "get it" after doing a good workout. I've found myself saying that I want them to get the most out of the sessions so, would like to try new things with them instead of standing beside them on a hamster wheel for 45 minutes.
Last question (for now) how do you introduce HIIT and build the program up?
The main focus of my programs are lifting heavy things. We always finish off with something that "get's you out of breath". I progress people to med ball/free weight/bodyweight circuits, and complexes for this. However when I start intervals I put them on a bike and have them "sprint" fo 20 seconds and "jog" for 40 seconds. If they're particulalry fragile in some kind of way I make the "jog" part longer. I just tell them to repeat until they're done. If they can last more than 15 mins then it's too easy. However, I emphasise that I don't want them to be "sprinting for their lives!", not at first anyway. Just go a little faster. Each time they come in, make the sprints more intense. I just tell them to keep it simple, they're just alternating between slow and fast paces, with the aim of getting really out of breath. After doing it a couple of times people just get it.