People have all sorts of problems. I am surprised you view this as a character issue. People have general instinctive behaviors. When they behave counter to this, there is something wrong in the brain somewhere.
So people should follow their natural tendencies to be racist? I really dislike the word instinctive here because it makes it sound like no thought was involved, in which case you would accept animal behavior in humans as "right" and civilized behavior as "wrong".
It can be genetic or environmental. Free will is just an illusion. Everything can be broken down to the reactions of subatomic particles. This is philosophical determinism. If you could know about everything in the universe and apply physical laws, you could predict the future. However we have this illusion due to scientific indeterminism. This just means that it is not possible to have all that information.
Well I agree free will is an illusion in some sense. It would seem that no alternative to me typing this next word exists simply because of the fact that I typed it and it must be the case that something caused me to type it; were it not for the configuration of the atoms in me and around me to be the cause of that action, then I don't know what could have caused it.
Having said that, it doesn't mean you could predict the future. If you look at something like quantum mechanics you would only be able to get an idea of the future possibilities. Compounding that over many such "particles", the number of outcomes would rapidly reach toward infinity, which would give you zero knowledge of the future in the subatomic sense.
Those aforementioned particles also happen to be us, and we have minds that are aware of self. So from a third person perspective everything happens according to physical laws. However from our point of view it seems as though we do have free will. We do have to go along with the illusion to a point, just because many situations call for pragmatism.
Well I would never argue that things do NOT happen according to physical laws. To me it is quite apparent that whatever is "free" about our will is very murky. I guess I agree with the above but do not see how it is very relevant.
If everyone made a fair wage, then it wouldn't be fair to tax the rich more. However with the current situation it is unavoidable. Inequality is fine. The only thing I am advocating is helping with bare necessities. There is also the problem of our consumer base which is propped up by credit (aka money that does not exist). Without more money in the hands of the consumer base, we can't support the economy.
I agree with assistance for bare necessities. I hope I didnt impress otherwise. Perhaps we disagree on entitlement to bare necessities. I don't want to give people material bare necessities, just the means to get them as well as is realistic. I am not against temporary reeducation/boarding expenses run by the state, but if someone is looking for work for a few years with no progress, they have to go. In my view, if generations of families have been poor, there is probably a reason, or just bad luck. Unfortunately, luck runs deep in the workings of the cosmos so we will have a hard time removing that part of the equation. I would be willing to sacrifice a few as lost to the system rather than build a system to lose none and make everyone worse off. In this sense I am more utilitarian. You will always have some people living extravagantly off the top and some people dying at the bottom.
It really seems as though modern societies have created systems where generations of people feel entitled to be "propped up" by the society. An example of this are individuals who have circa 8 children... even if they "support" them they are not really supporting them because there are unreflected costs to existing in society. For example, expanding infrastructure to harder to manage scales. It's as though these people think that sense they are born in a rich society they will be supported. It's similar to why people shouldnt be allowed to kill themselves, it costs a lot to invest in an individual, and their value is very high so to lose them is for the rest of society to absorb a huge cost. People should realize that to be in a society is a business deal where they get something out when they put something in. "Liberty" in a "society" is a fundamentally flawed idea. You belong to the society and the society belongs to you. Thinking about it differently is irrational.
If you want to go live in some uninhabited forest alone, then you can do anything you want.