ExRx gives different muscles for the barbell military press and barbell shoulder press, suggesting that they are different.
However, for the barbell seated military press, it gives the same muscles as it does for the barbell shoulder press.
What's more, for the smith shoulder press, it gives the same muscles as it does for the barbell military press.
Is there a difference between the military press and shoulder press or not?
I've searched all over the Web for an answer, and I can't find one.
Some say that for it to be a military press, you have to be standing, or you have to be standing as if at attention. Why, then, is there a seated military press?
Others say that for it to be a military press, you have to keep your arms in front of your body (shoulder flexion), whereas for the shoulder press, you have to keep your arms by your sides (shoulder abduction).
This makes sense because ExRx says that:
unlike the barbell shoulder press, the barbell military press activates the clavicular pec and biceps brachii (short head), both of which can flex the shoulder
unlike the barbell military press, the barbell shoulder press activates the supraspinatus, which abducts the shoulder.
Why, then, does ExRx give the same muscles for the barbell shoulder press and seated military press?