Ankle Articulations


Ankle Plantar Flexion

Plantar Flexion

'Extension' of the ankle resulting in the forefoot moving away from the body.

  • Gastrocnemius
  • Soleus
  • Plantaris
  • Tibialis posterior
  • Flexor hallucis posterior
  • Flexor digitorium longus

Ankle Dorsal Flexion


Flexion of the ankle resulting in the top of the foot moving toward the body. See dorsiflexion inflexibility.

  • Tibialis anterior
  • Extension digitorum longus
  • Extensor hallucis longus
  • Peroneus tertius


When the ankle is plantar flexed, some rotation, abduction, and adduction is possible. See Foot for intertarsal joints. Mentioned articulations occur during concentric phase of exercise video examples.

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