Kinesiology Tidbits


Larynx or vocal cords must be closed to lift heavy objects, defecate, or give birth.

Diver's First Movement

Raising the big toe is the first movement of a diver.

Wringing Out

The vessels of the supraspinatus and long head of the biceps are filled when the shoulder is abducted. The vascular system to these tendons is compromised.when the arm is adducted and at the side or adducted and flexed. This phenomenon is referred to as a "wringing out".

Tovin BJ (2006). Prevention and Treatment of Swimmer's Shoulder. North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 1(4): 166-175.

Active Insufficiency

On certain weight training exercises, we can see examples of the body automatically attempting to overcome active insufficiency, particularly during near maximal efforts.

Lever Lying Leg Curl

Passive Insufficiency

On other exercises we can see examples of the body automatically attempting to compensate for passive insufficiency, more likely during near maximal efforts.

  • Seated Leg Curl
    • Near the top, or beginning of exercise
    • Posterior tilt of pelvis
      • Compensates for Hamstrings being stretched across knee and hip simultaneously
    • Ankle moving away from complete dorsal flexion
      • Compensates for Gastrocnemius being stretched across both knee and ankle
    • Also see Knee Flexion Force Vector Diagram
  • Barbell Triceps Extension
    • Near bottom of exercise
    • Shoulder may slightly drift away from complete flexion / abduction
      • Elbows drift slightly outward and forward
      • Spine may hyperextend in effort to reduce complete shoulder flexion
      • Compensates for long head of triceps being stretched across both shoulder and elbow
      Lever Seated Leg CurlBarbell Triceps ExtensionRectus Femoris in passive insufficiency

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