Terms of Use

The authors, reviewers, editors, and publishers of this site have made extensive efforts to ensure that the information in this site is accurate and conforms to practical standards. However, constant changes in information resulting from continuing research and clinical experience, reasonable differences in opinion among authorities, unique aspects of individual situations, and the possibilities of human error in preparing such an extensive publication require the reader exercise individual judgment when making a clinical decision and, if necessary, consult and compare information from other sources.

Physical activity and exercise have the potential to result in serious injury. The information contained within ExRx.net or provided links are not intended as a personal prescription and are not a substitute for medical advice and supervision of a physician. Only qualified health professionals should determine the health and medical needs of the individual. It is recommended to see a physician before starting an exercise program or modifying your diet. Anyone experiencing pain as a result of activity should seek the advice of a qualified medical professional.

Information, tools, and links found on ExRx.net are designed for educational and informational purposes only and cannot substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Information contained within ExRx.net or provided links are not intended to be used for patient education. Application of information, tools, or links included on ExRx.net are at the reader’s discretion and sole risk. The creators and associates of ExRx.net will not take responsibility for any and all injuries related to the information or tools contained or referenced within this site.

Pages can be printed or links to pages can be shared or stored. As with any copyrighted material, the removal of copyright or water markings are not permitted. It is not within fair use to sell any ExRx.net content or pass it off as your own. Automated scraping or manual copying of content is prohibited.

Certain screening tools and forms may have important medical or legal consequences. An attorney should be consulted regarding the suitability of a form for your intended purpose.

The content on ExRx.net is provided to its visitors “as is”. ExRx.net, LLC expressly disclaims any and all representations or warranties, express or implied, to the extent permitted by law, including, but not limited to, warranties of satisfactory quality, fitness for a particular purpose, non-infringement of third party rights or the presence or absence of computer virus for any materials or content herein.

ExRx.net, LLC shall have no liability for any damages including but not limited to injury, death, or financial loss in connection with the use of our content tools and links. It is the responsibility of the individual to use our website appropriately, including the use of its content, tools, and links. By using our website, all users agree that they shall indemnify and hold ExRx.net harmless ExRx.net, LLC against any claims, liabilities, judgments, losses, costs of expenses, including attorney fees from claims by the user or third parties arising from the use of our website.

Feedback and Comments

We welcome feedback and comments. We reserve the right to republish your feedback, comments, and endorsments. If you do not wish to be identifiedor or do not want certain information republished, please indicate this in your message.


The content of ExRx.net is copyrighted and is regularly registered with the US Library of Congress in the form of ExRx.net Offline Download. Do not modify, sell, or republish our content or tools in any way without the expressed written permission of ExRx.net. If you find other sites using our content, please feel free to contact us at [email protected]. We pass these matters to our copyright attorney who deals with these sorts of cases regularly.

Also see Content Licensing to include ExRx.net exercise content in a web or mobile app.

Link Requirements

Links to ExRx.net pages are welcome as long the pages do not appear in frames. New windows are fine as long as they do not omit the URL or any navigation browser feature. Links to the individual graphics (.gif or .png or .jpg) are not permitted. Only links to pages are allowed.

Link Inquiries

Our links are handpicked. We very rarely reply to link suggestions or reciprocal link requests, since we are inundated with requests regularly. Contrary to popular belief, linking schemes may result in the opposite intended effect. See Google's link scheme warning.

Use of Site Indicates Acceptance of Terms

By using ExRx.net, visitors indicate that they accept the Terms of Use and that they agree to abide by these terms. Visitor's remedy for dissatisfaction with the website or its contents is to stop using ExRx.net.


Last updated on 4 February 2022

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